NOV 13, 2017   ۩  Saint John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople, Feast Day; The Hundred Thousand Martyrs of Tbilisi (Georgian Orthodox Church); World Kindness Day

● 1851: The Denny Party landed at Alki Point, before moving to the other side of Elliott Bay to what would become Seattle, Washington
● 1864: The new Constitution of Greece was adopted
● 1901: The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster
● 1918: Allied troops occupied Constantinople
● 1941: The aircraft carrier HMS “Ark Royal” was torpedoed and sank the following day
● 1950: Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, president of Venezuela, was assassinated in Caracas
● 1965: The SS “Yarmouth Castle” burned and sank 60 miles off Nassau with the loss of 90 lives
● 1986: The Compact of Free Association became law, granting the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands independence from the US
● 1994: In a referendum voters in Sweden decided to join the European Union
● 2002: The oil tanker “Prestige” sank off the Galician coast and caused a huge oil spill
● 2007: Russia officially withdrew from the Soviet-era Batumi military base, Georgia


ABOUT THE MV “PRESTIGE”

The MV “Prestige” was a Liberian-owned oil tanker, operating under a Bahamian flag that on November 19, 2002 sank off the coast of Galicia, Spain. The sinking caused a major environmental disaster, polluting thousands of miles of coastline. The “Prestige” was a single-hulled oil tanker with a length overall of 243 metres (797 ft), a beam of 34.4 meters (113 ft), a hull depth of 18.7 meters (61 ft), and a draft of 14 meters (46 ft). It had a 42,820 gross tonnage (GT) and a total cargo capacity of 81,589 tonnes deadweight (DWT). Vessels of this size are classified as Aframax-class tankers. The ship was built by Hitachi Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. in Maizuru, Kyoto, Japan.

SHIP INFORMATION

• Owner: Mare Shipping Inc., Liberia
• Cargo Owner: Crown Resources, Switzerland
• P&I Coverage: London Steamship Owners Insurance

THE PRESTIGE OIL SPILL

The Prestige oil spill was an oil spill in Galicia caused by the sinking of the oil tanker MV “Prestige” in November 2002, carrying 77,000 metric tons of of heavy fuel oil. During a storm, it burst a tank on November 13 and sank on November 19, 2002. The spill polluted thousands of kilometers of coastline and more than one thousand beaches on the Spanish, French and Portuguese coast, as well as causing great harm to the local fishing industry. The spill is the largest environmental disaster in the history of both Spain and Portugal. In 2007 the Southern District of New York dismissed a 2003 lawsuit by the Kingdom of Spain against the American Bureau of Shipping, the international classification society which had certified the “Prestige” as in compliance with rules and laws, because ABS was a “person” per the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage and exempt from direct liability for pollution damage. The 2012 trial of the Galicia regional High Court did not find the merchant shipping companies but only the Captain guilty and gave him a 9-month suspended sentence for disobedience.

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